.. _glossary: Glossary ======== From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia .. glossary:: .htaccess the default name of Apache's directory-level configuration file. .. seealso:: ACL Access Contol List Blowfish a keyed, symmetric block cipher, designed in 1993 by Bruce Schneier. .. seealso:: Browser a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a web page at a website on the World Wide Web. .. seealso:: bzip2 a free software/open source data compression algorithm and program developed by Julian Seward. .. seealso:: CGI Common Gateway Interface is an important World Wide Web technology that enables a client web browser to request data from a program executed on the Web server. .. seealso:: Changelog a log or record of changes made to a project. .. seealso:: Client a computer system that accesses a (remote) service on another computer by some kind of network. .. seealso:: column a set of data values of a particular simple type, one for each row of the table. .. seealso:: Cookie a packet of information sent by a server to a World Wide Web browser and then sent back by the browser each time it accesses that server. .. seealso:: CSV Comma- separated values .. seealso:: DB look at :term:`database` database an organized collection of data. .. seealso:: Engine look at :term:`storage engines` extension a PHP module that extends PHP with additional functionality. .. seealso:: FAQ Frequently Asked Questions is a list of commonly asked question and there answers. .. seealso:: Field one part of divided data/columns. .. seealso:: foreign key a column or group of columns in a database row that point to a key column or group of columns forming a key of another database row in some (usually different) table. .. seealso:: FPDF the free :term:`PDF` library .. seealso:: GD Graphics Library by Thomas Boutell and others for dynamically manipulating images. .. seealso:: GD2 look at :term:`gd` gzip gzip is short for GNU zip, a GNU free software file compression program. .. seealso:: host any machine connected to a computer network, a node that has a hostname. .. seealso:: hostname the unique name by which a network attached device is known on a network. .. seealso:: HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol is the primary method used to transfer or convey information on the World Wide Web. .. seealso:: https a :term:`HTTP`-connection with additional security measures. .. seealso:: IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IIS Internet Information Services is a set of Internet-based services for servers using ΞΆΘν Windows. .. seealso:: Index a feature that allows quick access to the rows in a table. .. seealso:: IP Internet Protocol is a data-oriented protocol used by source and destination hosts for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork. .. seealso:: IP Address a unique number that devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard. .. seealso:: IPv6 IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) is the latest revision of the Internet Protocol (:term:`IP`), designed to deal with the long-anticipated problem of its precedessor IPv4 running out of addresses. .. seealso:: ISAPI Internet Server Application Programming Interface is the API of Internet Information Services (IIS). .. seealso:: ISP Internet service provider is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. .. seealso:: ISO International Standards Organisation JPEG a most commonly used standard method of lossy compression for photographic images. .. seealso:: JPG look at :term:`jpeg` Key look at :term:`index` LATEX a document preparation system for the TEX typesetting program. .. seealso:: Mac Apple Macintosh is line of personal computers is designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. .. seealso:: Mac OS X the operating system which is included with all currently shipping Apple Macintosh computers in the consumer and professional markets. .. seealso:: MCrypt a cryptographic library. .. seealso:: mcrypt the MCrypt PHP extension. .. seealso:: MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions is an Internet Standard for the format of e-mail. .. seealso:: module some sort of extension for the Apache Webserver. .. seealso:: MySQL a multithreaded, multi-user, SQL (Structured Query Language) Database Management System (DBMS). .. seealso:: mysqli the improved MySQL client PHP extension. .. seealso:: mysql the MySQL client PHP extension. .. seealso:: OpenDocument open standard for office documents. .. seealso:: OS X look at :term:`Mac OS X`. .. seealso:: PDF Portable Document Format is a file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing two dimensional documents in a device independent and resolution independent format. .. seealso:: PEAR the PHP Extension and Application Repository. .. seealso:: PCRE Perl Compatible Regular Expressions is the perl-compatible regular expression functions for PHP .. seealso:: PHP short for "PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor", is an open-source, reflective programming language used mainly for developing server-side applications and dynamic web content, and more recently, a broader range of software applications. .. seealso:: port a connection through which data is sent and received. .. seealso:: RFC Request for Comments (RFC) documents are a series of memoranda encompassing new research, innovations, and methodologies applicable to Internet technologies. .. seealso:: RFC 1952 GZIP file format specification version 4.3 .. seealso:: :rfc:`1952` Row (record, tuple) represents a single, implicitly structured data item in a table. .. seealso:: Server a computer system that provides services to other computing systems over a network. .. seealso:: Storage Engines handlers for different table types .. seealso:: SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol is a protocol specification for exchanging structured information in the implementation of Web Services in computer networks. .. seealso:: socket a form of inter-process communication. .. seealso:: SSL Secure Sockets Layer is a cryptographic protocol which provides secure communication on the Internet. .. seealso:: Stored procedure a subroutine available to applications accessing a relational database system .. seealso:: SQL Structured Query Language .. seealso:: table a set of data elements (cells) that is organized, defined and stored as horizontal rows and vertical columns where each item can be uniquely identified by a label or key or by it?s position in relation to other items. .. seealso:: tar a type of archive file format: the Tape ARchive format. .. seealso:: TCP Transmission Control Protocol is one of the core protocols of the Internet protocol suite. .. seealso:: TCPDF Rewrite of :term:`UFPDF` with various improvements. .. seealso:: trigger a procedural code that is automatically executed in response to certain events on a particular table or view in a database .. seealso:: UFPDF Unicode/UTF-8 extension for :term:`FPDF` .. seealso:: URL Uniform Resource Locator is a sequence of characters, conforming to a standardized format, that is used for referring to resources, such as documents and images on the Internet, by their location. .. seealso:: Webserver A computer (program) that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients and serving them Web pages. .. seealso:: XML Extensible Markup Language is a W3C-recommended general- purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. .. seealso:: ZIP a popular data compression and archival format. .. seealso:: zlib an open-source, cross- platform data compression library by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler. .. seealso::